Biological control of tropical grassy weeds, pp. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. As the season progresses, the foliage becomes more and more red, glowing nearly all-red in the fall. (Incl. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Stems solid, rather slender; nodes glabrous or bearded. Cooperative Extension Service. Spikelets 3-4.5mm long. Moorehead, D.J., C.T. 2007), Forms dense stands that crowd out native species (Lippincott 1997). McDonald, E.R. University of Florida. Because of cogongrass' impact on agriculture and forest industries, Congress has given APHIS funding to partner with Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina to control the spread of this weed. The researchers refer to it as “Cogoflex,” a name derived from the combination of Cogon Grass & Hardieflex. The Common Name must be the same as the Web address you will be accessing when connecting to a secure site. The 25 most common surnames in Britain - and what they say about your family history. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. europea Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. In: N.J. Loewenstein and J.H. Japanese Bloodgrass is an extremely aggressive weed that is considered invasive in North Carolina. The flowers are silky panicles, 1 to 8 inches long appearing from February to May. Preferred Common Name. Biocontrol News and Information 8:7-30. Common Name: Cogon grass 'Rubra', Japanese blood grass; Synonyms: Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron', Imperata 'Red Baron' Position: Full sun, Partial shade Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. YouTube; Alabama Forestry Commission. Forest Service; Southern Regional Extension Forestry. 04/19/2017 04/19/2017 MSA Arabic 4 Comments arabic names, arabic vocabulary, lists, names Here is a list of common Arabic Male Names and a list of common Arabic Female Names . Cogongrass is found on every continent and is considered a weedy pest in 73 countries. In: F.W.G. English. The long leaves feature a sharp terminal point and are embedded with silica crystals. Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass Scientific Name: Imperata cylindrica Identification: Cogongrass is an aggressive perennial grass reaching 1 to 5 feet in height. 14 Cogon grass paper-making uses the soda method to break down the fibers. Beware of Cogon Grass. Imperata is named for Ferante Imperato (1550-1625), Italian apothecary and botanist, whose name derives from the Latin imperator, emperor; cylindrica is from the Greek κυλινδρος (kylindros), a roller, cylinder. Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world. Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. U.S. Forest Service. 24-27). Sword grass may refer to: . Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea. Family Poaceae . Some species of grasses with blades that are sharp enough to cut human skin (this is because they contain many silica phytoliths, a hardening material in many plants.The sharp blades help to discourage herbivores from grazing (also protecting the grasses around it)), including: Gahnia species; Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Or, to display all related content view all resources for Cogongrass. However, you shouldn't plant these cultivars since they can revert back to the aggressive form. Common name(s) Sharp grass Cogon grass Cogon Satin-tail Cottonwool grass Japgrass Sword Grass Alang-alang Blady grass Cogongrass Elephant grass Satintail Speargrass Woollygrass View all / Edit Additional information. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Bryson, C.T. The collator’s or collators’ names and the date each list was created or updated are provided with the list. Fruit rugose and ridged. genuine Hack (1889) Etimologically, the English word ‘cogon’ is from the Spanish cogón , while in Tagalog, it is expressed and spelled as ‘ kugon’ . Common trade or product names include but are not limited to: Habitat; Arsenal; Polaris; 2) Glyphosate. It is native to Southeast Asia and is a widespread invader in manysubtropical and tropical regions with over 490 million hectares (1.2 billion acres) infestedworldwide. Family - Poaceae. Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. In addition to cogongrass, it goes by other common names: alang-alang, blady grass, kunai, paillotte, and santintail. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Cogongrass Biology and Management in the Southeastern U.S. English Boys Names: Most Popular Names for Boys in England from Namipedia, the Baby Name Wizard’s naming encyclopedia. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. In vitro DM digestibility ranged between 38% (Meale et al., 2012) and 66% (Herrero et al., 2001), but decreased with the stage of growth. ... extensive layers. It is native to Korea, Japan, China, India, and tropical eastern Africa. Baker and P.J. Report a potential cogongrass sighting online or call your local GFC Forester. One of the goals of the research is to utilize wastes like dried cogon grass that comes in a massive amount and make it as a substitute for shredded paper. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Evans, H.C. 1991. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. A team of researchers from the University of West of England are publishing the 45,000 most common last names All work will … Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., in the southeastern United States. blady grass prefer. (In a comparative study, vetivergrass showed the most beneficial characteristics. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. Miller (Eds. Other common names in English include kunai grass, blady grass, satintail, spear grass, sword grass, thatch grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, and kura-kura among other names. The common name of this species commemorates the British ornithologist Claude Henry Baxter Grant. APHIS is proposing is an integrated management strategy that uses preventive, cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical methods to control cogongrass in key areas of its distribution. This cute moniker originates from Adriatic sea region and it means dark. Plucknett, J.V. Noxious weed. Cogon grass grows 0.6–3 metres (2–10 feet) tall and has roots that can reach more than 1 metre (3.3 feet) long. COMMON NAMES: Cogongrass, cogon, blady grass, cotton-wool grass, imperata, Japanese blood grass, kunai grass, alang-alang, kura-kura (NGRP, 2018), speargrass (Chikoye et al., 2000). Tabor, P. 1949. Weed Technology 737-743. Bargeron, and G.K. Douce. It is often described as being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking. Some of the most widely recognized of these are blady grass, alang-alang, lalang, cogon grass, and speargrass. Identification: Cogongrass is an aggressive perennial grass reaching 1 to 5 feet in height. This plant is invasive. Leaves: flat, linear-lanceolate, 20 to 50 cm long, and 5 to 9 mm wide. To date, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas have on-going research, education and/or control programs that are supported by university, state and federal agency cooperators. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. 1977. Each list includes English meaning, and also and a possible Arabic spelling of the name. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. 52-72. Dozier, H., J.F. Now each part in an assembly will have its associated common name in a column next to the part name. Clemson University (South Carolina). This grass rarely flowers. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. 2007. A new fact sheet, Cogongrass Biology and Management in the Southeastern U.S.,  is now available that outlines identification, biology, and management options for cogongrass. Bearing – Upright mound Foliage – deciduous Height – 16 to 36 inches (40 to 90 cm) Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass: Family: Poaceae or Gramineae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Open sandy habitats, usually by a river or the sea shore in Europe[50]. 1797. pronounced: im-per-AH-tuh sill-IN-drik-uh (Poaceae — the grass family)common names: cogon grass, blady grass, satintail. Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. The Common Names of Plant Diseases lists have been prepared by authorities on the given plants and include approved common names, along with the associated pathogens or causes. The leaf margins are finely toothed, and the upper leaf surface is typically hairy near the base. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. ), Proceedings of the Regional Cogongrass Conference: A Cogongrass Management Guide (pp. University of Arkansas. Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass: Family: Poaceae or Gramineae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Open sandy habitats, usually by a river or the sea shore in Europe[50]. cogongrass preferred. Honolulu, Hawaii: University Press of Hawaii. Though it has an English origin, it is derived from the Greek or Latin name Hillary, which means ‘Who … Most web browsers display a warning message when connecting to an address that does not match the common name … Agr., Agr. Biology Cogon grass is an erect, perennial grass, with linear to … English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. All work will … 1998) and for erosion control (Moorehead et al. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass was accidentally introduced into the United States as packing material in an orange crate that arrived in Grand Bay, Alabama, in 1912. About the Cogongrass Control Program. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as an Economical and Environment Friendly substitute for Carboard, Food Packaging, for Souvenirs, etc / Source: Angel Ann M. Concepcion Justine Ace York C. Barnardo / Dept of Science and Technology (15) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) roots as a potent agent in lowering uric acid / Google Doc Edibility Rating (3 of 5) Other Uses (0 of 5) Weed Potential : Yes Recognized by Conabio. Calamagrostis lagurus Koel. USDA. Palatability is good, but decreases with age. Holm, L.G., D.L. University of Georgia. The common name commemorates Charles Andrew Allen (1841-1930), American collector and taxidermist. UF/IFAS Sites. I. brasiliensis Trin.). cogongrass, cogon grass, alang-alang, Japanese blood grass. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. Common names. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC). It is undeter… IFAS. Commonly found on impoverished soils in Australia[193]. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Leaves are 1 to 4 feet long and pointed. Common Name: Japanese Blood Grass, Cogon Grass, Ornamental Grass. alang-alang prefer. In doubt: East Africa (Evans 1987, 1991); Southeastern Asia; (Holm et al. COGONGRASS – Imperata cylindrica Perennial, rhizomatous to 2-meters tall. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. An annual, erect, tufted grass, 30 to 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem. Going to the ‘kugon’ – it actually refers to a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. Imperata cylindrica. Grass. Common names; Herb: Cogongrass Latin name: Imperata cylindrica Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea, Miscanthus arundinacea Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica, in the United States. ), Tropical Grassy Weeds. Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot Common Names: cogongrass, blady grass, santintail, alang-alang, kunai, paillotte Native Origin: Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan; first introduced to the US as packing material in shipping crates then as forage grass and for soil erosion control Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. USDA. This Taiwan common name originates from the Chinese. SENTENCE: Dave's been out in his backyard all day trying to get rid of the cogon grass. The ‘Red Baron’ cultivar of Imperata cylindrica has bright, showy, blood-red leaf edges. and R. Carter. Common Names - alang-alang, blady grass, cogon grass, imperata, Japanese blood grass, satintail . Johnson, and D.G. Regulatory Services. Ecological consequences of Imperata cylindrica(cogongrass) invasion in Florida sandhill. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Recognized by Conabio. It spreads rapidly through scaly rhizomes and quickly becomes difficult to manage. About the Cogongrass Control Program The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. 1997. Join the cogongrass eradication team in Georgia and be a part of protecting our state's forest and wildlife habitat. Gaffney, S.K. cogon grass preferred. Infrequently flowers in northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas. ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive C 4 perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species in Florida and other Gulf Coast States (MacDonald, 2004; Onokpise et al., 2007). An annual, erect, tufted grass, 30 to 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem. Serv. Cogongrass has several common names, including japgrass, Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or speargrass but its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. 16" long panicle that branch out into racemes. Cogongrass, Cogon grass, Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron grass. N.C. It means ‘Son of the Home-ruler’. Overview Appearance Imperata cylindrica is a perennial, colony-forming grass which can grow up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. Most females with this name always want to look gorgeous not only on the outside, but also in the inside. Its scientific name is Imperata cylindrica . Hill. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Cogongrass, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Cogongrass. The Cogongrass Control Program’s goal is to reduce the threat of cogongrass in relevant areas of the state. Range: E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea. 1977), First arrived accidentally in Louisiana in 1912, and it was introduced intentionally to Florida in the 1930s (Bryson and Carter 1993), Used as packing material for imported goods (Tabor 1949); introduced intentionally as forage (Dozier et al. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Cogon grass showed to be more tolerant to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Congo grass is a common pasture grass for ruminants in Central Africa, Thailand and Brazil. English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. Liquid glyphosate formulations have been effective on cogongrass above the water line, but ineffective on plants in the water. Imperata cylindrica is listed as one of the top tenworst weeds in the world and even though it is on the U.S. Federal NoxiousWeed List (7CFR, 360.200), the cultivar I. cylindrica 'Red Baron' (Japanese blood grass) isexcepted. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Foliage Leaves have an off-center, whitish midrib and finely serrated margins. Smithsonian Institution. Leaves: flat, linear-lanceolate, 20 to 50 cm long, and 5 to 9 mm wide. In some cases, it has completely taken over pastures so that it is the only species present. Common Name: Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass. Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas: Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica; UF/IFAS Publications. cogon grass; Other Scientific Names. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Red cogongrass is beautiful grass, but one to be used with care in the landscape. United States: cogongrass. Imperata cylindrica, commonly known as cogongrass, is now considered to be one of the ten worst weeds in the world. Cogongrass distribution and spread prevention (PDF | 213 KB). It is frequently sold across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Top 100 names from around the world + Penpal Statistics @ Students of the World. Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. 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Tolerant to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. highly relevant resources for cogongrass aggressive perennial grass in. 9 mm wide the University of West of England are publishing the 45,000 cogon grass common name common last request accommodations, Extension!