Sourwood trees are difficult to transplant from the woods, but some tree nurseries carry a couple of newer cultivars. Making things worse, a lot of that land has been deforested over the years by coal mining companies. In the early fall, the leaves start to turn, ultimately becoming a vibrant red before dropping from the tree. Sourwood flowers are very attractive to bees, and sourwood honey is common in the South. A mature sourwood tree stands 25' to 30' tall. Sourwood can also be shaped, which makes it a useful ornamental for the garden. Sourwood tree can grow in almost every type of soil, just make sure that the soil is well-drained. Tree diameter averages 14-16 inches (n=11 sources). Sourwood Tree, Oxydendrum arboretum By Gretchen Spencer, Fairfax Master Gardener I saw my first sourwood tree about two years ago when a neighbor landscaped the corner of her property. I … Sourwood trees grow in Zones 5 through 9 and do well in full sun through the partial shade. Sourwood's wood is hard and has red-tinged brown heartwood and thick layers of pale sapwood. Lacy strands of creamy berries show against the coloring leaves as well, adding graceful texture. Arborvitae is an evergreen that comes in several varieties. The flowers are white, bell-shaped, 6-9 mm long, produced on 15-25 cm long panicles. The tree has alternate leaves that are finely toothed and sour to the taste. Flowering Sourwood Tree In The Yard. Tree diameter ranges down to 7 inches as its native range edges are approached. What to Avoid. Sourwood Honey comes from the Sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboreum) a member of the Ericaceae family, also called the Sour gum, Sorrel tree or Lily-of-the-Valley tree.This showy, USA native tree is the lone species of its genera. Lumber is used for tool handles and was once used to make wagon sled runners. Its flowers take on the look of fingers hovering over a piano keyboard. The fruits are persistent tiny brown capsules and will provide a distinctive outline for the leafless winter branches. It's highly resistant to insect pests as well as disease. This tree requires an acid soil and thus can be difficult to grow in northern Illinois. Sourwood is a small to medium sized tree, but usually noticed as a small tree. The tree’s colors rivaled any tree in bloom in the area, yet my friend disliked the tree because of the assured crabapple drop. Their love of the Sourwood tree. The sourwood sometimes grows … So try to limit your consumption to avoid unwanted side effects. If the weather conditions aren’t hot/warm and relatively dry, the sourwood may not yield high enough levels of nectar to produce a monofloral sourwood honey. We are highlighting this species now because of recent blooming season that began in mid-June. In years when there isn’t enough good blossoms for honey jelly is an option. … The leaves are spirally arranged, deciduous, 8-20 cm long and 4-9 cm broad, with a finely serrated margin; they are dark green in summer but turn vivid red in fall. Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum is one of our most beautiful native trees and a stand out in an ornamental landscape design. Should I skirt them as they grow to the ground and I have noticed moss under them. How do you take care of a dogwood tree? Sourwood trees are also sensitive to air pollution, and they do not do well in urban areas. The botanical equivalent of operatic divas, sourwood trees (Oxydendrum arboreum) compensate for their temperamental quirks with four-season performance. Nectar production does depend entirely on weather conditions. There are numerous types of dogwood trees, and the flowering variety is one commonly seen in gardens and landscapes, for good reason—it is attractive year-round. The bark is red-brown with deep vertical furrows that separate flat, pointed ridges. Sourwood is an attractive tree with white flowers in early summer and excellent fall color. Chalk this one up with the weeping willow: a fine tree in the country or along a waterway, but not necessarily in your yard. The Least Messy Trees for your Yard. Sourwood is one of many trees to provide the gold, scarlet & purple that dots our neighborhoods in fall. In Z5 it will grow even slower and may be severely damaged by temperatures in the -10 to -15 range. Sourwood trees are uniformly good for honey bees when they are producing high volumes of nectar. This is unfortunately not so. However, like many trees, it just barely slips into the edible range. It is perhaps most commonly found on rocky wooded slopes in the Appalachian Mountains, often growing in combination with other heath family members (e.g., azaleas and … It grows to about 23 metres (75 feet) in height. Janka Hardness: 940 lb f (4,180 N) Modulus of Rupture: 11,600 lb f /in 2 (80.0 MPa) Conclusion. But, note that in high amounts, the leaves can act as a laxative. The Sourwood is one of the loveliest ornamental trees out there and instantly creates a beautiful elegance for any property. Characteristics: Just one species exists, Oxydendrum arboreum. Family (English): Heath . I think they would look better trimmed. Arborvitae. Sourwood Don’t let the Sourwood’s name fool you; this tough shade tree produces sweetly fragrant blossoms and erupts in fiery fall colors, bursting with chromatism every summer and autumn. Sourwood trees are one of the few trees that have no related species. Their flowers are small, white and laden with pollen, akin to lilies-of-the-valley. Lastly, it’s also drought-tolerant so it’s great for beginners. The Sourwood tree grows 25 to 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide. The Sourwood grows well in the Southeastern United States in zones 5 to 9. The tree is sensitive to root disturbance, pollution, salt, and alkaline soils. Noteworthy Characteristics Oxydendrum arboreum, commonly called sourwood or sorrel tree, is a deciduous understory tree that is native to the eastern United States from Pennsylvania south to Florida and Louisiana. 12 / 15. The sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboreum), also called sorrel tree by some, is a medium-sized native tree with a mature height of 25-50’ and a spread of about 20’ which, once it is established, grows extremely well in our region. Avoid air-polluted environments. The gorgeous sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboretum), which is sometimes called the Lily-of-the-Valley tree or the Sorrel tree, is native to the Blue Ridge and Appalachian mountains of Tennessee, Virginia, South Carolina, western North Carolina, and north Georgia. Hailed as a tree for all seasons, the Sourwood is easy to care for; it thrives in a variety of conditions and is resilient against major pests. The Sourwood tree is considered to be one of the best native trees - known for its beautiful yellow foliage. Sourwood Tree Care. In the autumn From the Gulf Coast to southern Pennsylvania and west to the Mississippi River these trees are not uncommon. Growing sourwood tree: Sourwood will be undaunted by pests, diseases, or minor cultural problems if it gets the well-drained, acid soil it requires. The Sourwood is the sole species in the genus Oxydendrum. In early fall, sourwood is one of the first and finest trees to change color and will adorn your landscape with vibrant purplish-red leaves. Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft 3 (610 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .61. It's not too small and not too large. – trees need adequate sunlight in order to produce nectar – which is difficult because sourwood trees are often shorter than the tress that surround them – if the blooming is not good, honey bees will harvest nectar from other sources and thus the resulting honey will not be pure sourwood, but a multifloral one. Sourwood’s average height is 45-55 feet (n=22 sources). Tree height ranges down to about 20 feet as its native range edges are approached. Tree Size: 30-65 ft (10-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Large Yard With Sourwood Tree . And while sourwood honey is famous, the tree has more to offer. Sourwood is a beautiful small tree, well worth growing for its autumn color alone, but as bboy noted, it is not a fast growing species. and mulched until established. The species is also frequently seen as a part of the oak-heath forests. Its roots are shallow and easily disturbed, so plant from young, balled-and-burlapped stock. Family (Botanic): Ericaceae. If so when should I prune the lower branches. The small blossoms can be used to make jelly, and the leaves chewed to quench thirst (chewed not swallowed. Botanical name: Oxydendrum arboreum. One of the most interesting trees in the northeast Georgia forest is the Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboretum). Cautions. Distribution: Southeastern United States. The fruit is a small woody capsule. I have two Sourwood trees growing. Sourwood leaves and flowers are completely safe to eat in moderation. Sourwood in Bloom The Sourwood Tree is native to the Eastern United States and occupies a niche in our eastern forests. The trees are also messy, continually dropping leaves and sticks. All common names: Sourwood, Sorrel tree, Lily-of-the-valley tree. The centerpiece was a young tree with long, pendulous seed capsules hanging delicately from its branches. Sourwood makes an excellent specimen tree, and can also be used in shrub borders with Rhododendron, Pieris and Leucothoe. They are about 20 ft. high. It is commonly found in the broader areas of the Appalachian Mountains. The foliage turns different shades of gold, crimson, and orange in the fall, while the new leaves that emerge in early spring will eventually offer plenty of shade in summer. You may have to do a bit of pruning at the base to keep a sourwood to a single trunk, but even then you shouldn’t expect a perfectly symmetrical tree. Black Locust. I am in RI and above their natural habitat but they are doing great except for the base of the tree being full. They rarely become really large trees. It reflects the autumn sunlight light a like deep red gemstone. Sourwood trees are predominant within eastern North America, from south of Pennsylvania to the northwest of Florida. Common Name(s): Sourwood. Finally, difficulty establishing this tree may also be due to the “temperamental nature of sourwood physiology.” Now, I know what my friend meant when she said the sourwood can be finicky to grow. New Crabapple Varieties Are Not Messy Trees Last week I was picking up a good friend at his house and noted that the large old crabapple in his front yard was totally covered in fragrant pink blossoms. Sourwood, (species Oxydendrum arboreum), deciduous ornamental tree, of the heath family (Ericaceae), native to southeastern North America. Spruce. Backyard With Medium Sourwood Tree. It's recommended to plant a Sourwood Tree in the spring, and the most important thing to do is water the tree regularly until it grows. The trees grow slowly but may reach up to 60 feet high in nature. The bitter-tasting leaves are alternate, stalked, rather oblong, and 12–20 cm (5–8 inches) long. Sourwood is a small tree or large shrub, growing to 10-20 m tall with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter. While Sourwood trees are most common in the mountains of the eastern U. S., they can be found scattered over much of the eastern part of the country. For the best fall coloration, it should be planted in full sun. Sourwood is a deciduous small tree that may grow 20 to 30 feet tall. It goes by some other names too, such as the sorrel tree, the elk tree, or the arrowwood tree. Maple. Being a native tree, One would think it should be easy to grow in the lawn or garden. Scientific Name: Oxydendrum arboreum. Planting small, container-grown trees can increase transplant success. Carsten Medom Madsen/Shutterstock . Growing in the upland forests of the southeastern United States, it is most abundant in the Alleghenies and the Blue Ridge mountains. These trees are known for their aesthetic beauty, especially in autumn, but they also fall into the category of least messy trees. Save your tree from deer with this deer-deterring tree protector. Sourwood Trees For Sale. When you see them in the woods, they almost always seem to lean considerably as they age. – the timing of bringing the hives should be perfect. Soil Type: Prefers moist, peaty, acidic, well-drained soils. They kind of look like Christmas trees now. Sourwood trees are particular about their living conditions so, let’s study them so more can be grown in more places. Sourwood is not fond of wet feet but will do well on most well drained sites. They’re a laxative.) It is best transplanted in spring, and kept well-watered. This small tree preforms well in cultivation and offers multi seasonal beauty so it's difficult to understand why they aren't used in home gardens more often. Sourwood is equally at home as a center piece or natural planting & is small enough to fit most city yards. Sourwood trees have grayish bark with a faint red tinge. In mid-summer, small, white, urn-shaped flowers mature on panicles. Flowering Dogwood. Sourwood trees produce a fragrant flower in the early summer. Now because of recent blooming season that began in mid-June the trees are also sensitive to pollution... Beautiful elegance for any property easy to grow in the Alleghenies and leaves. 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