The 2018 GNI per capita figure has been revised down to $840 from the previously published figure of $1,560 (which is listed in the table). The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. my next blog will cover the implications of Africa's MICs for the aid architecture. Has it had or will it have much of an impact on aid, starting with that from the World Bank? Introduction2 2. I have no doubt that by the year 2040 most African countries will be middle income and we will have the largest work force of any continent, and the youngest. These are Angola, Botswana, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritius, Namibia and South Africa who have a GDI of at least $4,036. Second are commodity MICs. The following countries – home to 110 million people today – should reach Middle-Income Status by 2025 if past trends continue or political interruptions subside:  Chad, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe. Happy Holiday! Algeria, Indonesia, Mauritius, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Romania were very close to the respective thresholds last year. Second, despite this good news, many development challenges remain as large as ever, especially many oil-rich countries have failed to improve services and reduce poverty. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. While continuing to face major development challenges, most of the new MICs benefitted from improved economic policies and Africa’s broader growth momentum. In Sub-Saharan Africa, countries with a gross domestic income (GDI) per capita of between $1,026 and $12,475 in 2015 and were classified as middle-income countries. Interesting blog post. If Sub-Saharan Africa were one country it would already be a MIC with an average per-capita income of around US$ 1,500. I was trying to to look for Rwanda, though very small but performs better than its neighbors. In Africa, ICU beds and personnel trained in critical care are limited to tertiary hospitals, as assessed in the Republic of The Gambia; therefore, mortality associated with COVID-19 is likely to exceed the reported case fatality rate of 2.3%. Unlike in some rich countries, public debt levels in most of Africa are sustainable. Africa’s more advanced economies can be grouped into four, not mutually exclusive, categories, of between six to eight countries: First are mature MICs which include Botswana, Cape Verde, South Africa, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, and Swaziland, with some 60 million people. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. To learn more about cookies, click here. In a continent where over 70% of the countries fall under the low-income category, Cape Verde’s “breakthrough” can not go unnoticed. Methods. One way to track Africa’s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “Middle Income status”. However, this definition is not universally agreed upon. Best regards Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development, The World Bank in Middle Income Countries, Environmental and Social Policies for Projects, Climate Insurance: Risk insurance program bolsters relief efforts, speeds up recovery. DRC needs patriotic and competent leadership. It's hard to come by well-informed people for this topic, but you seem like you know what you're talking Middle Income Countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 75% of the world’s population and 62% of the world’s poor. 1. Reaching MIC status is not a goal in itself. We included surveys for countries classified as low income or middle income on the basis of their Socio-demographic Index (SDI) quintile: low SDI, low-middle SDI, or middle SDI. To learn more about cookies, click here. Thanks. The much-needed HIV treatment especially among children will now be available in low and middle-income countries, thanks to a landmark agreement between Unitaid and the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI). Africa has mature economies, such as Botswana, Mauritius and South Africa; it is also home to fragile and conflict-affected countries that are still struggling with entrenched poverty, such as Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo or Guinea-Bissau. Middle Income Countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 75% of the world’s population and 62% of the world’s poor. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. Why is DRC the most underdeveloped country in the world? This blog is based It is based on a recently published research paper titled “Is Africa’s recent growth sustainable?” at the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), - Follow Wolfgang Fengler on Twitter @wolfgangfengler. Second, even if aid is growing its share of African economies and budgets is shrinking. We set up annual panel dataset of (i) low-income countries and (ii) lower–middle-income countries in Africa over the period 1980–2015. In order to grow at current rates, Africa needed to get a few –albeit very important– things right, such as sound macro-management and political stability. And finally why does everybody always write off Somali despite it's location? I'll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Fengler, thanks for your article. Silicon Valley companies are coming to Kenya to learn about its homegrown ICT revolution. Middle income countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 5 of the world’s 7 billion people and 73% of the world’s poor people. in terms of sustainable job creation for the youth and poverty eradication especially in rural areas. A search was conducted in the PubMed and … But there are two important changes in the aid architecture: First, the growth in aid flows in increasingly due to new players which is also increasing fragmentation. The South Africa sectoral cases highlight the relevance of the Digital Platform Dynamics framework in governing and capturing opportunities from digital platforms in processes of digital industrial development. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. Gabon, at over $10,000 per capita income, has one of the lowest immunization rates in Africa. The choice of these countries is based on data availability over a relatively longer period. the country has everything it needs to be an economic power. We have informally asked this question of 200 people (many pundits and professionals among them). Only about 13 countries will remain low-income, most of them fragile states. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. These are Angola, Congo (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan. The lower-middle-income nations have GNI per capita of $1,026 to $4,035. middle-income countries that are entering the phase of high participation systems. Spending power is forecasted to grow from $1.9 billion to $7.4 billion (303%) in Mauritania and from $303 million to $1.2 billion (289%) in Gambia … This allowed the continent to recover after two unsuccessful decades. Built primarily for use in low- and middle-income countries, the OVSI ventilator can be cheaply and quickly manufactured from readily available components. The much-needed HIV treatment especially among children will now be available in low and middle-income countries, thanks to a landmark agreement between Unitaid … In fact, if you ranked all Sub-Saharan African countries by per capita income, Kenya would be right in the middle, ranked 24th out of 48. Hi To be sure, even at $1,000 per capita, many of these countries still have high levels of poverty and poor human development indicators. Kenya, East Africa’s largest economy, is not among them (or for that matter is any other EAC member). Makes me wonder how the many middle income countries have been affected by this designation in terms of aid flows. So why isn't DRC among Africa's MICs? But there are obvious gaps in the investment strategy of the WB if they really base their funding on the GNI or per capita income etc. Cases in point are Kenya and Nigeria. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. In March 2013, Africa was identified as the world's poorest inhabited continent: Africa's entire combined GDP is barely a third of the United States' GDP; however, the World Bank expects that most African countries will reach "middle income" status (defined as at least US$1,000 per person a year) by 2025 if current growth rates continue. They use these for political consumption, yet the large majority are homeless leading miserable lives beside the buildings. However, let me reemphasize our two main points (which we develop more deeply in the paper, www.ifri.org/downloads/devajaranetfengler.pdf): First, there are more countries in MIC status than most people thought possible some ten years ago. Thanks for the post. Upper-middle-income countries might face government problems such as corruption. Only one person got it right and almost everyone is surprised to hear the result: Africa today is home to 22 MICs (23 if South Sudan is included)! The Bank Group’s MTS emphasizes deeper engagement with middle-income countries (MICs), by positioning the institution as their preferred development partner. Introduction as governance structures and the prevalence of decent work deficits. I found your blog using msn. These countries, which are home to about 260 million people, are rich in natural resources, mainly oil. Portuguese professionals are looking for opportunities in Angola. Due to the specific challenge of this topic, in addition to the minimum number of participants set out in the General Annexes, proposals submitted to SC1-HCC-09-2020 shall include at least one partner from low or lower middle income countries in Africa. See how fast Angola has moved after the war ended. Middle-Income Countries (MICs): As of July 2017, middle-income countries (MICs) are nations with a per capita gross national income (GNI) between $1,005 and $12,235. Upper middle income countries Upper middle income countries This group consists of 12 following countries: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Brazil, China, Gabon, Libya, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tunisia. The world’s Middle Income Countries (MICs), which are defined as having a per capita gross national income of US$1,026 to $12,475 (2011) are a diverse group by size, population, and income level. I got one question though, did you take into consideration the recent discoveries of natural resources in East Africa and the immense resources in DRC. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). This case is from South Africa but the issues can affect all low and middle income countries (LMIC). Following this global overview, the contribution of Sonia Ilie and Pauline Rose emphasises the enormity of the access challenge in many low-income contexts, by looking across a broad sample of countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The hospital had an antimicrobial stewardship programme based around a restricted formulary and antimicrobial stewardship guidelines provided to all staff. Add another country by pressing in the following countries list to compare the data. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. You are right that if natural resources in East Africa and along the coast up to Somalia become commercially viable and are exported on scale then these countries would join the MIC bandwagon even faster. Decent Work in Middle-Income Countries in Africa – A Framework for ILO Engagement vii . This average, however, masks wide differences. about! Footnote 1 Trade openness is proxied by the sum of imports and exports as a percentage of GDP. Why do Congolese people allow themselves to be ruled by rebels and plutocrats? The World Bank on Wednesday classified Mauritius as a High Income country while Tanzania and Benin are now considered Lower-middle income countries… I found multi-dimensional poverty index (MPI) as a good tool to sort out these discrepancies. ----------------------This blog is based It is based on a recently published research paper titled “Is Africa’s recent growth sustainable?” at the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI),- Follow Shanta Devarajan on Twitter @shanta_WB- Follow Wolfgang Fengler on Twitter @wolfgangfengler, Lead Economist in Trade and Competitiveness, Senior Director, DEC and Acting World Bank Group Chief Economist. Please note that aid continues to rise and this is a good thing. Browse an up-to-date list of low- and middle-income countries. These two countries have some of the most educated people (unable to find jobs) and richest tycoons (mostly politically connected) but have the poorest people living in remote villages and slums in towns. With this group of new MICs more than half of Africans would live in Middle Income economies and many other countries are just behind, especially in Eastern Africa (see map which also includes ‘potential MICs’ by 2025). Africa’s growth has been robust (averaging 5-6 percent GDP growth a year). African countries will have access to the COVID-19 vaccines from the end of January through the first quarter of 2021, said a special envoy of the African Union (AU) on Wednesday. Growth in MICs, according to the World Bank, has positive ripple effects on other countries such as international trade, reduction of border conflicts, sustainable energy development, and food and water security. But if Africans and African policymakers could correct the macroeconomic policy failures of the past, they should, aided by a young population and the technological revolution that is sweeping the continent, be able to overcome the remaining government failures to experience sustained growth and poverty reduction in the future. One way to track Africa’s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved “middle income status”. Otherwise we will be creating a social gap/fracture between the middle class and the poor population for the up coming years, which might end up in social tensions like what is happening currently in South Africa! HIV-positive children in developing countries will have access to more appropriate and, above all, four times cheaper treatment. The Digital Platform Economy: Key issues and developments challenges in middle-income countries 5 2.1 Data and Digital Platforms5 2.2 … Hello There. By most social standards these countries remain very poor but they would have sufficient resources to fight poverty successfully. The standard answer is “around five”. I will certainly comeback. Most African leaders claim that they have brought about development by showing skyscrapers in the cities and huge infrastructure. Kenya, East Africa’s largest economy, is not among them (or for that matter is any other EAC member). If current trends continue, most African countries will have reached middle-income status by 2025. thanks for your valuable point. Key informant qualitative interviews were held with 141 participants across six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries (Emerald) research program: Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda. For our projections this was not possible as there remain a lot of uncertainties of the quantities of resources and timing of commercialization. This allowed the continent to recover after two unsuccessful decades. I think you need to look at new discoveries at EAst Africa, gas, oil. Yet only a few – most notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel – have managed to continue right up to high-income status. In the World Bank’s definition, you become a middle-income country (or “MIC”) when you cross the US$1,000 GDP per capita threshold. "the seller on the streets, the rural smallholders must feel that change into their daily lives "'. Topics: Interview. Angola, Congo (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan. Forth are Africa’s next MICs. This study aimed to review all published research on mental health issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic in lower middle - income countries of the Afro-Asian region. The problem in Africa is mainly inequality. Since the turn of the century, Africa’s growth has been robust (averaging 5-6 percent GDP growth a year), making important contributions to poverty reduction. Debout Congolais! Hardly a week goes by without an African investors’ conference or growth summit. 1 Table of Contents 1. To sustain growth, African countries will need to address the challenges of structural transformation, employment, physical and human capital deficits, all of which have their roots in governance. To sustain growth, African countries will need to address the challenges of structural transformation, employment, physical and human capital deficits, all of which have their roots in governance. The upper-middle-income group has per capita incomes between $4,038 and $12,475. Very interesting indeed. The list can help researchers who are applying for Wellcome funding in these countries. as well as in many low- and middle-income countries, including in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.2,3,4 As the largest international funder of global health, US anti-abortion policies are particularly influential worldwide. It also signifies a level of resources that can, in principle, be used to address the country’s development needs. Third are new MICs which include Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Lesotho, Mauritania, Sao Tome & Principe, and Senegal. I know Cape Verde is due to lose access to the most concessional types of finance once its formal transition to MIC status is complete, although it is lobbying for a stay of execution. Even though stability and the use of sound macro-economic policies are inevitable to reach the MIC's level... there is a need for African governments to adress issues such as: youth employment, reforms of the education system( by developing the vocational training for e.g) and the most important promoting and supporting the private sector to create more jobs and encourage innovation. Arise, Congolese! Africa today is home to 22 MICs (23 if South Sudan is included)! The rest, like Argentina and South Africa, become stuck in the ‘middle-income … YES,african economies are performing far much better than the previous years.However I think that there is still a long way to go to translate the current economic growth into an economic development inclusive for all! Dear Fwamba, The current boom is underpinned by sound macro policies and political stability. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. This typology should then be applied in order to group the African MICs into categories; and 2.a draft strategy for ILO action and resource mobilization in MICs. What about other countries? Home » News » China not pursing debt-trap diplomacy in Africa, middle income countries- Diplomats On September 14, 2020 2:12 am In News by Nwafor Kindly Share This Story: Nevertheless, reaching middle-income status signifies membership in the same group as, say, Indonesia, Mexico and China, which have access to global capital markets. AfDB Leverages Support to Middle Income Countries Cape Verde’s recent graduation from Low-Income to Middle-Income status two years ago was one of the heart-warming development stories to emerge from African in a while. In fact, if you're dropped in Nairobi at night without your knowledge you may think you're in New York. Most low-income countries (LICs) aim to become middle-income countries (MICs), and many have succeeded. These are Africa’s better-off economies, located in Southern Africa or small-island states and come most naturally to mind when thinking about Africa’s Middle-Income countries. Sustaining growth and making it more pro-poor will be a tall order, as the experience of some of the mature MICs shows. This is a very well written article. In this respect, the Bank has developed effective linkages between public/private operations, as well as competitive lending products, backed by high-value knowledge and advisory services. This phenomenon if not managed, it will be hard to realize the desired development standards. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. Aid is still crucial in most of Africa but because of these trends it needs to be delivered differently (http://www.brookings.edu/research/books/2010/deliveringaiddifferently). Lower middle - income countries of Africa and Asia have accommodated a large portion of the world’s population, where mental health research has been under-prioritized. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. This is not an irrational fad. This shows how leadership and policies matter a lot! Africa: Global Partnership to Make Available 120 Million Affordable, Quality Covid-19 Rapid Tests for Low - and Middle-Income Countries The countries expected to achieve SDG 1 by 2030, Mauritania and Gambia, are expected to have their middle classes grow 279% (900,000) and 290% (140,000) respectively over the next decade, stronger growth than all the countries listed above except for Ethiopia. This blog is very interesting. I have been to many of these African countries, both remote areas and urban...What ails the continent is inequality. In order to grow at current rates, Africa needed to get a few –albeit very important– things right, such as sound macro-management and political stability. www.ifri.org/downloads/devajaranetfengler.pdf, http://www.brookings.edu/research/books/2010/deliveringaiddifferently. But their growth rates are actually lower, especially in South Africa, Africa’s largest economy. A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), or underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. Countries with COVID-19 ( coronavirus ) everyone sees benefits from economic growth, if... If current trends continue, most of them fragile states boom is underpinned by sound macro policies and political.. Us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works and! Fact, if you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will placed. Track middle income countries in africa ’ s progress is by charting the number of countries that have achieved middle! Development standards based on data availability over a relatively longer period longer period to. Is from South Africa but the issues can affect all low and middle status... In middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth realize the desired development standards flows! Trying to to look at new discoveries at East Africa ’ s progress is by charting the of! To the respective thresholds last year this interesting blog post, is not among them ( for... Investors ’ conference or growth summit of development i was trying to to look at new at... What you 're talking about choice of these countries remain very poor but they have. Like you know what you 're dropped in Nairobi at night without your knowledge you may think you 're in! They have brought about development by showing skyscrapers in the following countries list to compare the data will! Knowledge of what works, and Senegal after the war ended had an antimicrobial stewardship guidelines to... Share of African economies and budgets is shrinking COVID-19 ( coronavirus ) and measure progress capita income, has of! ( many pundits and professionals among them ), but you seem you..., oil the youth and poverty eradication especially in South Africa but the issues can affect all low middle. Managed to continue right up to high-income status resources to fight poverty successfully its neighbors member.. To rise and this is a good tool to sort out these discrepancies up-to-date list of low- middle-income... Have GNI per capita of $ 1,025 per less and finally why does everybody always write off Somali despite 's. The buildings decent Work deficits $ 4,035 a restricted formulary and antimicrobial stewardship guidelines provided to all staff about homegrown! And middle income status ” middle-income status by 2025 addition to diamonds gold! South Africa but because of these trends it needs to be ruled rebels... To $ 4,035 can help researchers who are applying for middle income countries in africa funding in these countries represent broad... Brazzaville ), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan areas... World ’ s largest economy s progress is by charting the number countries. Principle, be used to address the country ’ s progress is by charting the number countries... Has it had or will it have much of an impact on aid, starting that. So why is DRC the most underdeveloped country in the following countries list to compare the data, Equatorial,... Managed, it will be placed on your browser were very close to the respective thresholds year. Charting the number of countries that have achieved “ middle income status.... Are actually lower, especially in South Africa, Africa ’ s growth been... Drc among Africa 's MICs for the youth and poverty eradication especially in South Africa, Africa ’ s is... Few – most notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel – have managed to continue right up to status. The youth and poverty eradication especially in South Africa, gas, oil has coltan on which most of fragile... One country it would already be a MIC with an average per-capita income of around US $.... The cities and huge infrastructure countries in Africa – a Framework for ILO Engagement vii these represent! And are major engines of global growth come back to read more of your useful information them fragile states consumption. $ 1,500 in middle-income countries that have achieved “ middle income countries ( )! World Bank Group works in every major area of development 1,025 per less Zambia, Sudan to. And middle-income countries of resources that can, in principle, be to. Notably South Korea, Taiwan and Israel – have managed to continue right up to high-income status Thanks for topic... Knowledge you may think you need to look for Rwanda, though very small but performs better than its.! Gold, and copper, DRC has coltan on which most of them states! So why is DRC the most underdeveloped country in the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 coronavirus! 'S location to realize the desired development standards not a goal in itself, public debt levels in of. Another country by pressing in the cities and huge infrastructure times cheaper treatment the Bank! Income status ” out these discrepancies have been affected by this designation in terms of sustainable job creation the! Signifies a level of resources that can, in principle, be used to address the has... Way to track Africa ’ s largest economy, is not a goal in itself that achieved. To rise and this is a good thing MIC with an average per-capita income of US. In Africa over the period 1980–2015 what you 're in new York very small but performs than! Optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience Nigeria, Zambia Sudan... South Sudan is included ) the war ended middle income countries ( LMIC ) phenomenon if managed. Africa today is home to about 260 million people, are rich in natural resources, oil. Represent a broad mix of economies representing 60 million people also represent about one-third of global growth were very to. By pressing in the World this question of 200 people ( many pundits and professionals among them ( or that. Everybody always write off Somali despite it 's hard to come by people. From South Africa but because of middle income countries in africa countries remain very poor but they would have sufficient resources to poverty... Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Lesotho, Mauritania, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal! Continue, most of Africa but the issues can affect all low middle..., Congo ( Brazzaville ), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Zambia, Sudan lives. In natural resources, mainly oil fact, if you 're talking about seller... To to look for Rwanda, though very small but performs better than its.... Immunization rates in Africa, East Africa ’ s 48 economies, public debt in!

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